Mission-driven sciences and technology advancing the security and well-being of the nation
As our nation’s leaders expand investments in climate change research and mitigation, LLNL continues to focus on new science-based solutions that can be tailored to local needs, drawing on the Physical and Life Sciences Directorate’s expertise in atmospheric science, geoscience, hydrology, climate modeling, materials science, and bioscience. One key focus of the research involves addressing a gigaton-scale challenge: how to remove ten gigatons of carbon dioxide (CO2) from our atmosphere each year to constrain global warming. To fully grasp the scope of this endeavor, consider that the world currently harvests about a gigaton of grain each year, and the goal of this mission is 10 times larger.
Further, once CO2 is removed from the atmosphere, where should it go? Can it be safely stored somewhere? Can it be harvested from the atmosphere and recycled into a usable resource? LLNL’s latest research indicates that our planet’s natural resources are key to overcoming this challenge—leveraging the capabilities already available to us through local ecosystems.
For example, LLNL scientists and engineers are exploring ways to:
LLNL researchers are also exploiting advances in Livermore materials science to design new direct-air-capture technologies that can absorb CO2 into a solvent or adsorb CO2 onto a solid material, and then release it for long-term storage.
Learn more about LLNL’s research regarding atmospheric CO2 removal, including:
The 2018 Computational Chemistry and Materials Science (CCMS) Summer Institute will have a special focus on “Quantum Materials and Chemistry” to highlight the science challenges and research opportunities in the development of novel materials for emerging energy and information technologies.
Materials and Chemistry Institute (MaCI) offers a unique summer internship experience. Interns have access to state-of-the-art facilities like the Nanoscale Synthesis and Characterization Laboratory, the Jupiter Laser Facility, the Energetic Materials Center, and the National Ignition Facility.
The mission of the Seaborg Institute is to facilitate the training of the next generation of nuclear scientists. This program offers graduate students the opportunity to work directly with leading LLNL researchers on projects in the areas of nuclear forensics, nuclear chemistry, and environmental radiochemistry.