Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory



Richard Kraus

Research Staff
Physics Division


 +1 925-422-1454


DegreeDiscipline/InstitutionYear
Ph.D. Earth and Planetary Sciences
Harvard University
2013
M.S. Applied Physics
Harvard University
2013
MPhil Physics
University of Cambridge, UK
2008
B.A. Physics
University of Nevada, Reno

Personal Background

Richard Kraus, PhD, received his undergraduate degree in Physics at the University of Nevada, Reno. In 2008 he received an MPhil in Physics from the University of Cambridge, UK and in 2013 he received his M.S. in Applied Physics and PhD in Earth and Planetary Sciences from Harvard University. His thesis research was on the thermodynamics of planetary impact events with a focus on impact induced vaporization. In September of 2013 he joined the HED Shock Physics group at LLNL as a Lawrence Postdoctoral Fellow.

Research Interests

  • Entropy generation during shock and shockless compression
  • Viscosity and strength at high pressure and temperature conditions
  • Equation of state development

Selected (Recent) Publications

R.G. Kraus, S. Root, R. W. Lemke, S. T. Stewart, S. B. Jacobsen, T. R. Mattsson, Shock Thermodynamics of Iron and Impact Vaporization of Planetesimal Cores, submitted.

R.G. Kraus, S. T. Stewart, M. G. Newman, R. E. Milliken, N. J. Tosca, Uncertainties in the Shock Devolatilization of Hydrated Minerals: A Nontronite Case Study, J. Geophysical Research-Planets, accepted August 2013.

R.G. Kraus, S. T. Stewart, D. C. Swift, R. Smith, S. Hamel, B. D. Hammel, D. G. Hicks, J. H. Eggert, G. W. Collins, C. A. Bolme, D. K. Spaulding, Shock Vaporization of Silica and the Thermodynamics of Planetary Impact Events, J. Geophysical Research – Planets, 214, E09009, doi: 10.1029/2012JE004082, 2012.

R.G. Kraus, L.E. Senft, S. T. Stewart, Impacts onto H2O Ice: Scaling Laws for Melting, Vaporization, Excavation, and Final Crater Size, Icarus, 214, 724-738, doi: 10.1016/j.icarus.2011.05.016, 2011.

R.G. Kraus, S.T. Stewart, A. Seifter, A.W. Obst, Shock and Post-Shock Temperatures in an Ice-Quartz Mixture: Implications for Melting During Planetary Impact Events, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 289, 162-170, 2010.

R.G. Kraus, D.J. Chapman, W.G. Proud, and D.C. Swift, Hugoniot and Spall Strength Measurements of Porous Aluminum, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 114914, 2009.


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