Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory



Tayyab I. Suratwala

Research Staff

Program Director, Optics and Materials Science & Technology, NIF & Photon Science Directorate
National Ignition Facility
Materials Science Division


 +1 925-422-1884


DegreeDiscipline/InstitutionYear
Ph.D. Material Science & Engineering
University of Arizona
1996
B.S. Ceramic Engineering
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
1992

Research Interests

Glass grinding and finishing, laser damage initiation and growth, chemical and thermal based mitigation of damage precursors and damage sites, fracture behavior in glasses, slow crack growth, glass chemistry, optical properties of glasses, and sol-gel chemistry.

Links

OMST Overview Video

Laser Materials Web Page

Google Citations

LLNL Convergent Polishing Video

JOVE Convergent Polishing Video

Lecture on Finishing (Grinding & Polishing) (Lecture 13)

Publications

R. Dylla-Spears, L. Wong, N. Shen, W. Steele, J. Menapace, P. Miller, M. Feit, and T. Suratwala "Adsorption of silica colloids onto like-charged silica surfaces of different roughness" submitted to Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects (2016).

T. Suratwala, R. Steele, M. Feit, N. Shen, L. Wong, R. Dylla-Spears, R. Desjardin, S. Elhadj, P. Miller, "Relationship between surface μ-roughness & interface slurry particle spatial distribution during glass polishing" submitted to Journal of the American Ceramic Society (2016).

T. Suratwala, R. Steele, M. Feit, N. Shen, R. Dylla-Spears, L. Wong, P. Miller, R. Desjardin, S. Elhadj, "Mechanism & simulation of removal rate & surface roughness during optical polishing of glasses" J. Am. Ceram. Soc 99(6) 1974-1984 (2016).

N. Shen, T. Suratwala, W. Steele, L. Wong, M. Feit, P. Miller, R. Dylla-Spears, R. Desjardin, "Nanoscratching of Optical Glass Surfaces Near the Elastic–Plastic Load Boundary to Mimic the Mechanics of Polishing Particles" J. Am. Ceram. Soc 99(5) 1477-1484 (2015).

M. L. Spaeth, P. J. Wegner, T. I. Suratwala, M. C. Nostrand, J. D. Bude, A. D. Conder, J. A. Folta, J. E. Heebner, L. M. Kegelmeyer, B. J. MacGowan, D. C. Mason, M. J. Matthews, P. K. Whitman, "Optics Recycle Loop Strategy for NIF Operations Above UV Laser-Induced Damage Threshold", Fusion Science and Technology 69(1) (January/February 2016). http://dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST15-119

R. Qiu, B. Wood, P. Ehrmann, S. Demos, P. Miller, K. Schaffers, T. Suratwala, R. Brow, "Origins of optical absorption characteristics of Cu 2+ complexes in aqueous solutions" Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 17 18913-18923 (2015). DOI: 10.1039/C5CP01688F

A. V. Hamza, A. Nikroo, E. Alger, N. Antipa, L. J. Atherton, D. Barker, S. Baxamusa, S. Bhandarkar, T. Biesiada, E. Buice, E. Carr, C. Castro, C. Choate, A. Conder, J. Crippen, R. Dylla-Spears, E. Dzenitis, S. Eddinger, M. Emerich, J. Fair, M. Farrell, S. Felker, J. Florio, A. Forsman, E. Giraldez, N. Hein, D. Hoover, J. Horner, H. Huang, B. Kozioziemski, J. Kroll, B. Lawson, S. A. Letts, D. Lord, E. Mapoles, M. Mauldin, P. Miller, R. Montesanti, K. Moreno, T. Parham, B. Nathan, J. Reynolds, J. Sater, K. Segraves, R. Seugling, M. Stadermann, R. Strauser, R. Stephens, T. I. Suratwala, M. Swisher, J. S. Taylor, R. Wallace, P. Wegner, H. Wilkens, B. Yoxall, "Target Development for the National Ignition Campaign", Fusion Science and Technology 69(1) (January/February 2016). dx.doi.org/10.13182/FST15-163

T. Suratwala, R. Steele, L. Wong, M. Feit, P. Miller, R. Dylla-Spears, N. Shen, R. Desjardin, "Chemistry & formation of the Bielby layer during polishing of fused silica glass surfaces" J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 98 [8] 2395–2402 (2015). doi: 10.1111/jace.13659

M. Stadermann, S. Baxamusa, C. Aracne-Ruddle, M. Chea, S. Li, K. Youngblood, T. Suratwala, "Fabrication of Large-area Free-standing Ultrathin Polymer Films", Journal of Visualized Experiments (100) e52832-e52832 (2015). doi: 10.3791/52832

S. Demos, P. Ehrmann, R. Qiu, K. Schaffers, T. Suratwala, "Estimation of excited-state absorption and photobleaching in Fe 2+-doped lithium sodium silicate glass under exposure to high-power nanosecond laser pulses" Applied Optics 54 (10), 2762-2768 (2015). doi: 10.1364/AO.54.002762

J. Bude, P. Miller, S. Baxamusa, N. Shen, T. Laurence, W. Steele, T. Suratwala, L. Wong, W. Carr, D. Cross, M. Monticelli, "High fluence laser damage precursors and their mitigation in fused silica" Optics Express (22)5 (2014). DOI: 10.1364/OE.22.005839

T. Suratwala, W. Steele, M. Feit, R. Dylla-Spears, R. DesJardin, D. Mason, L. Wong, P. Geraghty, P. Miller, N. Shen, "Mechanisms & Control of Surface Figure & Roughness during Pad Polishing", Optical Fabrication and Testing, OTuBu. 1 (2014).

S. Demos, P. Ehrmann, R. Qiu, K. Schaffers, T. Suratwala, "Dynamics of defects in Ce3+ doped silica affecting its performance as protective filter in ultraviolet high-power lasers", Optics Express 22 (23) (2014), 28798-28809.

J. Bude, P. Miller, N. Shen, T. Suratwala, T. Laurence, W. Steele, S. Baxamusa, L. Wong, W. Carr, D. Cross, M. Monticelli, M. Feit, G. Guss, "Silica laser damage mechanisms, precursors and their mitigation" SPIE Laser Damage, 92370S-92370S-13 (2014).

T. Suratwala, R. Steele, M. Feit, R. Dylla-Spears, R. Desjardin, D. Mason, L. Wong, P. Geraghty, P. Miller, N. Shen, "Convergent Polishing: A Simple, Rapid, Full Aperture Polishing Process of High Quality Optical Flats & Spheres", Journal of Visualized Experiments (94) e51965, DOI: doi:10.3791/51965 (2104) URL: http://www.jove.com/video/51965 (2014).

T. Suratwala, M. Feit, R. Steele, L. Wong, L., "Influence of Temperature and Material Deposit on Material Removal Uniformity during Optical Pad Polishing" Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 97(6) 1720-1727 (2014).

S. Baxamusa, M. Stadermann, C. Aracne-Ruddle, A. Nelson, M. Chea, S. Li, K. Youngblood, T. Suratwala, "Enhanced Delamination of Ultrathin Free-Standing Polymer Films via Self-limiting Surface Modification" Langmuir 30 5126 (2014).

T. Suratwala, M. Feit, R. Steele, L. Wong, N. Shen, R. Dylla‐Spears, R. Desjardin, D. Mason, P. Geraghty, P. Miller, "Microscopic Removal Function and the Relationship Between Slurry Particle Size Distribution and Workpiece Roughness During Pad Polishing" Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 97(1) 81-91 (2014).

R. Dylla-Spears, L. Wong, P. Miller, M. Feit, R. Steele, T. Suratwala, "Charged Micelle Halo Mechanism for Agglomeration Reduction in Metal Oxide Particle Based Polishing Slurries" Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects 447 32-43 (2014).

J. Bude, P. Miller, S. Baxamusa, N. Shen, T. Laurence, R. Steele, T. Suratwala, L. Wong, W. Carr, D. Cross, "High fluence laser damage precursors and their mitigation in fused silica" Optics Express 22(5) 5839-5851 (2014).

S. Baxamusa, J. Field, R. Dylla-Spears, B. Kozioziemski, T. Suratwala, J. Sater, "Effects of self-heating and phase change on the thermal profile of hydrogen isotopes in confined geometries" Journal of Applied Physics, 115(12) 124901 (2014).

N. Shen, P. Miller, J. Bude, T. Laurence, T. Suratwala, R. Steele, M. Feit, L. Wong, "Thermal annealing of laser damage precursors on fused silica surfaces" Optical Engineering 51(12) 121817 (2012).

M. Feit, R. DesJardin, W. Steele, T. Suratwala, "Optimized pitch button blocking for polishing high-aspect-ratio optics", Applied Optics, 51(35) 8350-8359 (2012).

T. Suratwala, W. Steele, M. Feit, K. Moreno, M. Stadermann, J. Fair, K. Chen, A. Nikroo, K. Youngblood, K. Wu, "Polishing and Local Planarization of Plastic Spherical Capsules using Tumble Finishing" Applied Surface Science, 261 679-689 (2012).

T. Suratwala, R. Steele, M. Feit, R. Desjardin, D. Mason, "Convergent Pad Polishing", International Journal of Applied Glass Science, 3(1) 14-28 (2012).

T. Suratwala, R. Steele, M. Feit, R. Desjardin, D. Mason, "Convergent Pad Polishing", International Journal of Applied Glass Science, accepted 12/2011, LLNL-JRNL-505531 (2011).

T. Suratwala, W. Steele, M. Feit, R. Desjardin, D. Mason, R. Dylla-Spears, L. Wong, P. Miller, P. Geraghty, "Method and System for Convergent Polishing" US Provisional Patent Application 61454893 (3/21/2011).

T. Suratwala, W. Steele, M. Feit, M. Stadermann, J. Fair, K. Wu, K. Moreno, K. Chen, A. Nikroo, K. Youngblood, "Method and System for Polishing Solid Hollow Spheres", US Provisional Patent Application 61514430 (8/2/2011).

T. Suratwala, P. Miller, J. Bude, W. Steele, N. Shen, M. Monticelli, M. Feit, T. Laurence, M. Norton, C. Carr, L. Wong, "HF-based etching processes for improving laser damage resistance of fused silica optical surfaces" Journal American Ceramic Society 94 (2) (2010) 416-428.

T. Suratwala, M. Feit, R. Steele, "Toward deterministic material removal and surface figure during fused silica pad polishing", Journal of the American Ceramic Society 93 (5) (2010) 1326-1340.

M. Norton, C. Carr, D. Cross, R. Negres, J. Bude, W. Steele, M. Monticelli, T. Suratwala, "Determination of laser damage initiation probability and growth on fused silica scratches" SPIE 7842 (2010) 37.

J. Heebner, M. Borden, P. Miller, C. Stolz, T. Suratwala, P. Wegner, M. Hermann, M. Henesian, C. Haynam, S. Hunter, K. Christensen, N. Wong, L. Seppala, G. Brunton, E. Tse, A.l Awwal, M. Franks, E. Marley, K. Williams, M. Scanlan, T. Budge, M. Monticelli, D. Walmer, S. Dixit, C. Widmayer, J. Wolfe, J. Bude, K. McCarty, J. DiNicola, "A programmable beam shaping system for tailoring the profile of high fluence laser beams", SPIE 7842 (2010) 1C.

P. Miller, J. Bude, T. Suratwala, N. Shen, T. Laurence, W. Steele, J. Menapace, M. Feit, L. Wong "Fracture-induced subbandgap absorption as a precursor to optical damage on fused silica surfaces" Optics Letters 35 (16) (2010) 2702-2704.

T. Suratwala, M. Feit, W. Steele, "Apparatus and method for deterministic control of surface figure during full aperture polishing" US Patent Application 2213412 (8/4/2010).

M. Feit, T. Suratwala, L. Wong, W. Steele, P. Miller, J. Bude, "Modeling wet chemical etching of surface flaws on fused silica", SPIE 7504 (2009) 75040L-1.

P. Miller, T. Suratwala, J. Bude, T. Laurence, N. Shen, W. Steele, M. Feit, J. Menapace, L. Wong, "Laser damage precursors in fused silica", SPIE 7504 (2009) 75040X-1.

P. Miller, T. Suratwala, J. Bude, N. Shen, W. Steele, T. Laurence, M. Feit, L. Wong, "Methods for globally treating silica optics to reduce optical damage" US Patent Application 12572220 (10/1/2009).

T. Laurence, J. Bude, N. Shen, P. Miller, W. Steele, G. Guss, J. Adams, L. Wong, M. Feit, T. Suratwala, "Ultra-fast photoluminescence as a diagnostic for laser damage initiation", SPIE 7504 (2009) 750416-1.

T. Laurence, J. Bude, N. Shen, T. Feldman, P. Miller, W. Steele, T. Suratwala, "Metallic-like photoluminescence and absorption in fused silica surface flaws", Applied Physics Letters 94 (2009) 151114.

L. Wong, T. Suratwala, M. D. Feit, R. Steele, "The Effect of HF/NH4F Etching on the Morphology of Surface Fractures on Fused Silica", Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids 355 (2009) 797.

T. Suratwala, M. Feit, J. Menapace, "Scratch Forensics", Optics and Photonics News (Sept 2008) 12.

T. Suratwala, R. Steele, M. Feit, L. Wong, P. Miller, J. Menapace, P. Davis, "Effect of Rogue particles on the sub-surface damage of fused silica during grinding/polishing", Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids 354 (2008) 2023.

T. Suratwala, L. Wong, P. Miller, M. Feit, J. Menapace, R. Steele, P. Davis, D. Walmer, "Sub-surface mechanical damage distributions during grinding of fused silica," Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids 352 (2006) 5601.

P. Miller, T. Suratwala, L. Wong, M. Feit, J. Menpace, P. Davis, and R. Steele, “The distribution of sub-surface damage in fused silica,” SPIE 5991 (2005).

J. Menapace, P. Davis, R. Steele, L. Wong, T. Suratwala, and P. Miller, “Utilization of Magnetorheological finishing as a diagnostic tool for investigating the three-dimensional structure of fractures in fused silica,” SPIE 5991 (2005).

T. I. Suratwala, P. E. Miller, P. R. Ehrmann, and R. A. Steele, "Polishing slurry induced surface haze on phosphate laser glasses," Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 351, 2091-2101 (2004).

T. I. Suratwala, M. L. Hanna, and P. Whitman, "Effectof humidity during the coating of Stober silica sols," Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 349, 368-376 (2004).

T. Suratwala, J. Campbell, P. Miller, C. Thorsness, M. Riley, P. Ehrmann, and R. Steele, "Phosphate laser glass for NIF: Production status, slab selection, and recent technical advances," SPIE 534, 102-113 (2004).

T. I. Suratwala, M. L. Hanna, E. L. Miller, P. Whitman, I. Thomas, P. Ehrmann, R. Maxwell, and A. Burnham, "Surface Chemistry and Trimethysilyl Functionalization of Stober Silica Sols," Journal of Non-crystalline Solids, 316(2-3), 347-361 (2003).

T. I. Suratwala and R. A. Steele, "Anomalous Temperature Dependence of Sub-critical Crack Growth in Silica Glass," Journal of Non-crystalline Solids, 316(1), 173-181 (2003).

T. Huser, C. Hollars, W. Seikhaus, J. DeYoreo, T. Suratwala, and T. Land, “Characterization of proton exchange layer profiles in KD2PO4 Crystals,” Applied Spectroscopy 58(3), 349-351 (2004).

T. Suratwala, C. Thorsness, J. Campbell, S. Krenitsky, J. Cimino, A. Thorne, J. Hayden, K. Takeuchi, K. Suzuki, and K. Yamamoto, “Technical advances in the continuous melting of phosphate laser glass,” in Inertial Fusion Sciences and Applications, ed. K. Tanaka, D. Meyerhofer, J. Meyert-ter-Vehn, Elsevier, 540-543 (2002).

M. Karabulut, G. Marsinghe, C. Click, E. Medwalli, R. Brow, C. Booth, J. Bucher, D. Shuh, T. Suratwala, and J. Campbell, “XAFS Investigation of Platinum Impurities in Phosphate Glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 85(5), 1093-1099 (2002).

C. B. Thorsness, T. I. Suratwala, R. A. Steele, J. H. Campbell, J. S. Hayden, S. A. Pucilowski, and K. Suzuki, "Dehydroxylation of Phosphate Laser Glass," SPIE 4102, 175-194 (2000).

T. I. Suratwala, R. A. Steele, G. D. Wilke, and J. H. Campbell, "Effects of OH content, water vapor pressure, and temperature on sub-critical crack growth in phosphate glass," Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 263&264, 213-227 (2000).

J. H. Campbell, T. I. Suratwala, "Nd-doped phosphate glasses for high-energy/high peak power lasers," Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 263&264, 318-341 (2000).

J. H. Campbell, T. I. Suratwala, C. B. Thorsness, J. S. Hayden, A. J. Thorne, J. M. Cimino, A. J. Marker III, K. Takeuchi, M. Smolley and G. F. Ficini-Dorn, "Continuous melting of phosphate laser glasses," Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 263&264, 342-357 (2000).

J. S. Hayden, A. J. Marker III, T. I. Suratwala, and J. H. Campbell, "Surface tensile layer generation during thermal annealing of phosphate glass," Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 263&264, 228-239 (2000).

P. R. Ehrmann, J. H. Campbell, T. I. Suratwala, J. S. Hayden, D. Krashkevich, and K. Takeuchi, "Optical loss and Nd3+ non-radiative relaxation by Cu, Fe, and several rare earth impurities in phosphate laser glasses," Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 263&264, 251-262 (2000).

S. Crichton, M. Tomozawa, J. Hayden, T. Suratwala, and J. Campbell, "Sub-Critical Crack Growth in a Phosphate Laser Glass," Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 82(11), 3097-104 (1999).

T. Suratwala, J. Campbell, and W. Steele, "Fail-Safe Design for Square Vacuum Barrier Windows," SPIE, 3492, 740-749 (1999).

J. H. Campbell, M. J. Mclean, R. Hawley-Fedder, and T. Suratwala, "Development of continuous glass melting for production of Nd-doped phosphate glasses for the NIF and LMJ laser systems," SPIE 3492, 778-786 (1999).

T. Suratwala, Z. Gardlund, K. Davidson, D.R. Uhlmann, J. Watson, and N. Peyghambaraian, "Silylated Coumarin Dyes in Sol-Gel Hosts. I. Structure and Environmental Factors on Fluorescent Properties," Chemistry of Materials, 10, 190-198 (1998).

T. Suratwala, Z. Gardlund, K. Davidson, D.R. Uhlmann, J. Watson, S. Bonilla, and N. Peyghambaraian, "Silylated Coumarin Dyes in Sol-Gel Hosts. II. Photostability and Sol-Gel Processing," Chemistry of Materials, 10, 199-209 (1998).

T. Suratwala, K. Davidson, Z. Gardlund, and D. R. Uhlmann, "Reversing Gels and Water Soluble Colloids from Aminosiloxanes," Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology, 13, 553-558 (1998).

T. Suratwala, K. Davidson, Z. Gardlund, and D. R. Uhlmann, "Control of Porosity in SiO2:PDMS Polycerams through Variations in Sol-Gel Processing and Polymer Content," Sol-Gel Optics IV, SPIE 3136, 36-47 (1997).

T. Suratwala, K. Davidson, Z. Gardlund, D. R. Uhlmann, S. Bonilla, and N. Peyghambarian, "Molecular Engineering and Photostability of Laser Dyes within Sol-Gel Hosts," Solid State Lasers VI, SPIE 2986, 141-152 (1997).

D. R. Uhlmann, T. Suratwala, K. Davidson, J. M. Boulton, and G. Teowee, "Sol-Gel Derived Coatings on Glass," Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 218, 113-122 (1997).

T. Suratwala, Z. Gardlund, K. Davidson, D. R. Uhlmann, S. Bonilla, and N. Peyghambarian, "Photostability of Silylated Coumarin Dyes in Polyceram Hosts," Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology, 8 (1/2/3), 973-978 (1997).

T. Suratwala, Z. Gardlund, K. Davidson, D. R. Uhlmann, S. Bonilla, and N. Peyghambarian, "Processing and Photostability of Pyrromethene 567 in Polyceram Monoliths," Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology, 8 (1/2/3), 953-958 (1997).

T. Suratwala, Z. Gardlund, J. Boulton, D. R. Uhlmann, J. Watson, and N. Peyghambarian, "Incorporation of Triethoxysilyl Functionalized Coumarin 4 in Sol-Gel Hosts," Sol-Gel Optics III, SPIE 2288, 310-320 (1994).

D.R. Uhlmann, S. Motakef, T. Suratwala, J. Young, B. J. J. Zelinski, Z. Gardlund, G. Teowee, and J. Cronin, "Optical Thin Films by Wet Chemical Processing," Sol-Gel Optics III, SPIE 2288, 2-13 (1994).

S. Motakef, T. Suratwala, R. Roncone, J.M. Boulton, G. Teowee and D.R. Uhlmann, "Processing and Optical Properties of Inorganic-Organic Hybrids (POLYCERAMS); Part 1: MPEOU-Based Waveguides," Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids 178, 31-36 (1994).

S. Motakef, T. Suratwala, R.L. Roncone, J.M. Boulton, and D.R. Uhlmann, "Processing and Optical Properties of Inorganic-Organic Hybrids (POLYCERAMS); Part 2: PDMS-Based Waveguides," Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids 178, 37-43 (1994).

D.R. Uhlmann, S. Motakef, T. Suratwala, R. Wade, G. Teowee, and J.M. Boulton, "Ceramic Films for Optical Applications," Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology 2 (1/2/3), 335-340 (1994).

J. A. Lewis, T. Suratwala, and K. Arndt, “Partial melt processing of magnetically aligned YBa2Cu3O7-x thick films,” IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity 3(1), 1702-1705 (1993).


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