Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory



Roger Qiu

Physicist
Materials Science Division


 +1 925-422-1636


DegreeDiscipline/InstitutionYear
Ph.D. Condensed Matter Physics
University of California at Riverside
2000

Research Interests

Biomineralization, scanning probe microscopy, high-resolution imaging, physics and chemistry at the solid/liquid, solid/vapor interface, solution and high temperature crystal growth, laser damage to optical glasses.

Honors

  • National Science Foundation Fellowship, 1997-2000
  • Award for the Best Student Research, the SCCAVS “Leading Edge in Southern California Solid State Research” Symposium, Anaheim, CA, 1999
  • Nominated for the Morton M. Traum Award for the Best Student Researcher in Surface Science, 46th International Symposium of the American Vacuum Society, Seattle, WA, 1999
  • The Poe Memorial Scholarship Award for Outstanding Graduate Researcher, University of California, Riverside, 2000

Professional

  • Organizer for symposium “From Biological Materials to Biomimetic Material Synthesis,” Spring MRS meeting 2008, San Francisco, CA (3/2008)
  • Organizer for symposium “Biological Control of Crystallization,” The 15th International Conference on Crystal Growth, Salt Lake City, Utah (8/2007)
  • Invited discussion leader for “MSA Short Course on Medical Mineralogy and Geochemistry,” Menlo Park, CA (12/2006)
  • Reviewer for: Israel Science Foundation, Advanced Functional Materials, J. Phys Chem, J. Crystal Growth, J. Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, Acta Biomaterialia, J. of Urology, Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, MRS Proceedings
  • Member of the American Physical Society, the Materials Research Society, and the American Association for Crystal Growth.

Selected Publications

Weaver, M. L., S. R. Qiu, J. R. Hoyer, W. H. Casey, G. H. Nancollas, and J. J. De Yoreo, “Inhibition of Calcium Oxalate Monohydrate Growth by Citrate and the Effect of the Background Electrolyte,” J. Crystal Growth 306, 135-145 (2007).

Cui, Y., U. N. Roy, L. Bai, A. Burger, S. R. Qiu, and K. Schaffers, “Characterization of Bubble Core and Cloudiness in Yb3+:Sr5(PO4)3F Crystals Using Micro-Raman Spectroscopy,” J. Applied Phys. 102, 013505 (2007).

De Yoreo, J. J., S. R. Qiu, and J. R. Hoyer, “Molecular Mechanisms of Calcium Oxalate Biomineralization,” AJP: Renal Physiology 291, F1123 (2006). (Invited Review.)

Weaver, M., S. R. Qiu, J. R. Hoyer, W. H. Casey, and J. J. De Yoreo, “Improved Model for Inhibition of Pathological Mineralization Based on Citrate-Calcium Oxalate Monohydrate Interaction,” ChemPhysChem 7, 2081 (2006).

Wang, L., S. R. Qiu, W. J. Zachowicz, J. R. Hoyer, J. J. De Yoreo, and G. H. Nancollas, “Modulation of Calcium Oxalate Crystallization by Linear Aspartic Acid-Rich Peptides,” Langmuir 22, 7279 (2006).

Wang, L. J., J. J. De Yoreo, X. Y. Guan, S. R. Qiu, J. R. Hoyer, G. H. Nancollas, “Constant Composition Studies Verify the Utility of the Cabrera-Vermilyea (C-V) Model in Explaining Mechanisms of Calcium Oxalate Monohydrate Crystallization,” Crystal Growth & Design 6 1769 (2006).

Wang, L. J., W. Zhang, S. R. Qiu, W. J. Zachowicz, R. Tang, X. Y. Guan, J. R. Hoyer, J. J. De Yoreo, and G. H. Nancollas, “Inhibition of Calcium Oxalate Monohydrate Crystallization by the Combination of Citrate and Osteopontin,” J. Crystal Growth 291, 160 (2006).

Advanced Materials cover

Fu, G., S. R. Qiu, C. A. Orme, D. E. Morse, and J. J. De Yoreo, “Acceleration of Calcite Kinetics by Abalone Nacre Proteins,” Adv. Mater. 17 2678 (2005). (Cover Article.)

Qiu, S. R., A. Wierzbicki, E. A. Salter, S. Zepeda, C. A. Orme, J. R. Hoyer, G. H. Nancollas, A. M. Cody, and J. J. De Yoreo, “Modulation of Calcium Oxalate Crystallization by Citrate through Selective Binding to Atomic Steps,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 9036 (2005).

PNAS cover

Qiu, S. R., A. Wierzbicki, C. A. Orme, A. M. Cody, J. R. Hoyer, G. H. Nancollas, S. Zepeda, and J. J. De Yoreo, “Molecular Modulation of Calcium Oxalate Crystallization by Osteopontin and Citrate,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101, 1811 (2004).  (Cover Article.)

Qiu, S. R., C. Amrhein, M. L. Hunt, R. Pfeffer, B. Yakshinskiy, L. Zhang, T. E. Madey, and J. A. Yarmoff, “Characterization of Uranium Oxide Thin Films Grown from Solution onto Fe Surfaces,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 181, 211 (2001).

Qiu, S. R., and J. A. Yarmoff, “Self-Limiting Growth of Transition-Metal Fluoride Films from the Reaction with XeF2”, Phys. Rev. B 63, 115409 (2001).

Qiu, S. R., H. F. Lai, H. T. Than, C. Amrhein, and J. A. Yarmoff, “Reaction of SeF6 with Iron and Iron Oxide Surfaces: a Model for Selenate Reduction,” Surf. Sci. 468, 17 (2000).

Qiu, S. R., H. F. Lai, and J. A. Yarmoff, “Self-Limiting Growth of Metal Fluoride Thin Films by Oxidation Reactions Employing Molecular Precursors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1492 (2000).

Wang, W. K., S. R. Qiu, B. Corbitt, S. T. Riggs, and J. A. Yarmoff, “Chemisorption of Iodine on In- and Sb-Terminated InSb(001),” Surf. Sci. 462, 211 (2000).

Qiu, S. R., H. F. Lai, M. J. Roberson, M. L. Hunt, C. Amrhein, L. C. Giancarlo, G. W. Flynn, and J. A. Yarmoff, “Removal of Contaminants from Aqueous Solution by Reaction with Iron Surfaces,” Langmuir 16, 2230 (2000).

Yarmoff, J. A., T. D. Liu, S. R. Qiu, and Z. Sroubek, “Mechanism of Electron Emission from Al(100) Bombarded by Slow Li+ Ions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 2469 (1998).

Invited Presentations

Qiu, S. R.,“Probing Pathological Mineralization by In Situ Atomic Force Microscopy,” UCLA, Materials Science and Engineering Department seminar, February 2008.

Qiu, S. R., A. Wierzbicki, J. R. Hoyer, G. H. Nancollas, D. Morse, Y. Huang, C.A. Orme, and J. J. De Yoreo,  “Probing Biological Control Over Crystallization by In Situ Molecular Imaging and Molecular Modeling,” TMS annual meeting, Orlando, FL, February 2007. 

Qiu, S. R., A. Wierzbicki, A. Salter, C. A. Orme, J. R. Hoyer, G. H. Nancollas, and J. J. De Yoreo, “A Step-Specific Model for Shape Control of Biomineral Phases,” The TMS annual meeting, San Antonio, TX, March 2006.

Qiu, S. R.,“Biological Production of Mineralized Nanostructure and Its Implication to Bio-inspired Materials Design and Effective Therapies to Human Diseases,” Department of Mechanical Engineering Seminar, State University of New York at Stony Brook, NY, October 2005.

Qiu, S. R., A. Wierzbicki, A. Salter, C.A. Orme, J. R. Hoyer, G. H. Nancollas, and J. J. De Yoreo, “Modulation of Biocrystallization Investigated by In Situ Atomic Force Microscopy,” The 16th American Conference on Crystal Growth and Epitaxy, Big Sky Montana, July 2005.

Qiu, S. R., A. Wierzbicki, A. Salter, C. A. Orme, J. R. Hoyer, G. H. Nancollas, and J. J. De Yoreo, “Elucidating Molecular Modulation of COM Formation by Force Microscopy and Molecular Modeling,” FASEB 2005 Summer Research Conference, Tucson, AZ, July 2005.

Qiu, S. R., A. Wierzbicki, C. Orme, J. Hoyer, G. Nancollas, A. George, and J. J. De Yoreo, “Modulation of Mineralized Nancostructes by Biological Molecules,” Amercian Chemical Society March Meeting, March, San Diego CA, 2005.

Qiu, S. R.,“Molecular Mechanisms of Biological Control of Crystallization,” San Francisco State University, Department of Chemistry Colloquium, October 2004.

Qiu, S. R.,A. Wierzbicki, C.A. Orme, J.R. Hoyer, G.H. Nancollas, J.J. De Yoreo, “Molecular Mechanisms of Biological Control of Mineralized Nanostructures”, Eleventh Annual International Conference on Composite/NANO Engineering, Hilton-Head Island, South Carolina, August 2004.

Qiu, S. R.,“Force Microscopy Studies of Modulation of Crystallization of Calcium Oxalate by Biological Molecules,” University of Nijmegen, Department of Solid State Chemistry Colloquium, Netherlands, May 2004. 

Qiu, S. R.,“Modulation of Calcium Oxalate Crystallization by Proteins and Small Molecules Investigated by In Situ Atomic Force Microscopy,” San Francisco State University, Department of Physics Colloquium, April 2004. 

Qiu, S. R., A. Wierzbicki, C. A. Orme, J. R. Hoyer, G. H. Nancollas, and J. J. De Yoreo, “Force Microscopy and Molecular Modeling Studies of COM Growth and Modification by Citrate, Osteopontin, and Aspartic Acid-Rich Polypeptides,” ROCK Society Annual Meeting, Gainesville, FL, February 2004. 

Qiu, S. R.,“Molecular Mechanisms of Kidney Stone Inhibition by Proteins and Small Molecules,” University of California, Davis, Center for Biophotonics Science and Technology Colloquium, May 2003. 


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