Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Art J. Nelson

Physicist, Actinides & Lanthanide Science,
Materials Science Division

Materials Science Division

 +1 925-422-6488

Ph.D. Applied Physics
Colorado School of Mines
Fulbright Scholar
Sincrotrone Trieste, Trieste, Italy
October, 1997 to June, 1998

Research Interests

Condensed matter physics, synchrotron radiation studies, X-ray lasers, femtosecond chemical dynamics and extreme states of matter, surface analysis (AES, XPS, UPS, SIMS, NEXAFS).

Research Publications

Simranjit Grewal, Angela Macedo Andrade, Art J. Nelson, Kevin Thai, Alireza Karimaghaloo, Eunseok Lee, and Min Hwan Lee, Critical Impact of Graphene Functionalization for Transition Metal Oxide/Graphene Hybrids on Oxygen Reduction Reaction, J. Phys. Chem. C 122(18), 10017 (2018).

Scott B. Donald, Jeff A. Stanford, William McLean, Art J. Nelson, Application of Linear Least Squares to the Analysis of AES Depth Profiles of Plutonium Oxides, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 36(3), 03E104 (2018).

Scott B. Donald, M. Lee Davisson, Zurong R. Dai, Sarak K. Roberts, and Art J. Nelson, Relative impact of H2O and O2 in the oxidation of UO2 powders from 50 to 300°C, J. Nuclear Materials 496, 353 (2017).

Scott B. Donald, Zurong R. Dai, M. Lee Davisson, Jason R. Jeffries, and Art J. Nelson, An XPS study on the impact of relative humidity on the aging of UO2 powders, J. Nuclear Materials 487, 105 (2017).

Scott B. Donald, M. Lee Davisson, Art J. Nelson, XPS Investigation on Changes in UO2 Speciation following Exposure to Humidity, MRS Advances, pp. 1–5, doi: 10.1557/adv.2016.286 (2016)

Scott B. Donald, Wigbert J. Siekhaus, Art J. Nelson, XPS and SIMS study of the surface and interface of aged C+ implanted uranium, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A34, 061401 (2016)

A. J. Nelson, W.K. Grant, J.A. Stanford, W.J. Siekhaus, P.G. Allen and W. McLean, X-ray excited Auger transitions of Pu compounds, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 33(3), 031401 (2015).

J. B. Varley, A. M. Conway, L. F. Voss, E. Swanberg, R. T. Graff, R. J. Nikolic, S. A. Payne, V. Lordi, and A. J. Nelson, Effect of chlorination on the TlBr band edges for improved room temperature radiation detectors Phys. Status Solidi B 252(6), 1266 (2015).

Marcus A. Worsley, Swanee J. Shin, Matthew D. Merrill, Jeremy Lenhardt, Art J. Nelson, Leta Y. Woo, Alex E. Gash, Theodore F. Baumann, and Christine A. Orme, Ultralow Density, Monolithic WS2, MoS2, and MoS2/Graphene Aerogels, ACS Nano 9(5), 4698 (2015).

Salmaan H. Baxamusa, Michael Stadermann, Chantel Aracne-Ruddle, Art J. Nelson, Maverick Chea, Shuaili Li, Kelly Youngblood and Tayyab I. Suratwala, Enhanced Delamination of Ultrathin Free-Standing Polymer Films via Self-limiting Surface Modification, Langmuir 30(18), 5126 (2014).

Marcus A. Worsley, Supakit Charnvanichborikarn, Elizabeth Montalvo, Swanee J. Shin, Elijah D. Tylski, James Lewicki, Art J. Nelson, Joe H. Satcher, Jr., Juergen Biener, Theodore F. Baumann, Sergei O. Kucheyev, Toward macroscale, isotropic carbons with graphene-sheet-like electrical and mechanical properties, Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(27), 4259 (2014).

S. Kundu, A. J. Nelson, S. McCall, A. van Buuren, and H. Liang, Shape-influenced Magnetic Properties of CoO Nanoparticles, J. Nanopart. Res. 15, 1587 (2013)

L.F. Voss, A.M. Conway, A.J. Nelson, P. R. Beck, R. T. Graff, R. J. Nikolic, S. A. Payne, A. Burger, and H. Chen, Current reduction of CdZnTe via band gap engineering, IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 60(2), 1208 (2013)

A. J. Nelson and P. Roussel, Low temperature oxidation of plutonium, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 31(3), 031406 (2013)

N. Shen, M. Matthews, S. Elhadj, P. E. Miller, A. J. Nelson and J. Hamilton, Correlating optical damage threshold with intrinsic defect populations in fused silica as a function of heat treatment temperature, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 46, 165305 (2013).

A.J. Nelson, L. F. Voss, P. R. Beck, R. T. Graff, A. M. Conway, R. J. Nikolic, S. A. Payne, J.-S. Lee, H. Kim, L. J. Cirignano, and K. Shah, X-ray photoemission analysis of chemically modified TlBr surfaces for improved radiation detectors, J. Appl. Phys. 113, 143713 (2013)

K.S. Holliday, W. Siekhaus and A.J. Nelson, Measurement of the Auger parameter and Wagner plot for uranium compounds, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 31, 031401 (2013).

Jeremy M. Lenhardt, Sung Ho Kim, Art J. Nelson, Pooja Singhal, Theodore F. Baumann, Joe H. Satcher Jr., Increasing the Oxidative Stability of Poly(Dicyclopentadiene) Aerogels by Hydrogenation, Polymer 54, 542 (2013).

Jeffrey A. Carter, Joseph M. Zaug, A. J. Nelson, Michael R. Armstrong, and M. Riad Manaa, Ultrafast Shock Compression and Shock-Induced Decomposition of 1,3,5-Triamino-2,4,6-trinitrobenzene Subjected to a Subnanosecond-Duration Shock: An Analysis of Decomposition Products, J. Phys. Chem. A 116(20), 4851 (2012).

U. Zastrau, T. Burian, J. Chalupsky, T. Döppner, T.W.J. Dzelzainis, R.R. Fäustlin, C. Fortmann, E. Galtier, S.H. Glenzer, G. Gregori, L. Juha, H.J. Lee, R.W. Lee, C.L.S. Lewis, N. Medvedev, B. Nagler, A.J. Nelson, D. Riley, F.B. Rosmej, S. Toleikis, T. Tschentscher, I. Uschmann, S.M. Vinko, J.S. Wark, T. Whitcher and E. Förster, XUV spectroscopic characterization of warm dense aluminum plasmas generated by the free-electron-laser FLASH, Laser and Particle Beams 30, 45 (2012).

B. I. Cho, K. Engelhorn, A. A. Correa, T. Ogitsu, C. P. Weber, H. J. Lee, J. Feng, Y. Ping, A. J. Nelson, D. Prendergast, R. W. Lee, R. W. Falcone and P. A. Heimann, Electronic Structure of Warm Dense Copper Studied by Ultrafast X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 167601 (2011).

E. Galtier, F.B. Rosmej, T. Dzelzainis, D. Riley, F.Y. Khattak, P. Heimann, R.W. Lee, A.J. Nelson, S.M. Vinko, T.J. Whitcher, B. Nagler, J.S. Wark, T. Tschentscher, S. Toleikis, R.R. Fäustlin, R. Sobierajski, M. Jurek, L. Juha, J. Chalupsky, V. Hajkova, M. Kozlova, J. Krzywinski, Decay of crystalline order and equilibration during solid-to-plasma transition induced by 20-fs microfocused 92 eV free electron laser pulses, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 164801 (2011).

L. F. Voss, P. R. Beck, A. M. Conway, R. T. Graff, R. J. Nikolic, A. J. Nelson, and S. A. Payne, Surface current reduction in (211) oriented Cd0.46Zn0.04Te0.50 crystals by Ar bombardment, J. Appl. Phys. 108, 1 (2010).

Leta Y. Woo, R. S. Glassa, R. J. Gorteb, C. A. Orme, and A. J. Nelson, Dynamic Changes in LSM Nanoparticles on YSZ: A Model System for Non-stationary SOFC Cathode Behavior, J. Electrochem. Soc. 156, B602 (2009).

A.J. Nelson, A.M. Conway, C.E. Reinhardt, J.L. Ferreira, R.J. Nikolic, and S.A. Payne, X-ray photoemission analysis of passivated Cd(1-x)ZnxTe surfaces for improved radiation detectors, Materials Lett. 63, 180 (2009).

P. Morrall, D.W. Price, A.J. Nelson, W.J. Siekhaus, E. Nelson, K. J. Wu, M. Stratman and W. McLean, ToF-SIMS characterization of uranium hydride, Phil. Mag. Lett. 87(8), 541 (2007).

Fritz, D. M., D. A. Reis, B. Adams, R. A. Akre, J. Arthur, C. Blome, P. H. Bucksbaum, A. L. Cavalieri, S. Engemann, S. Fahy, R. W. Falcone, P. H. Fuoss, K. J. Gaffney, M. J. George, J. Hajdu, M. P. Hertlein, P. B. Hillyard, M. Horn-von Hoegen, M. Kammler, J. Kaspar, R. Kienberger, P. Krejcik, S. H. Lee, A. M. Lindenberg, B. McFarland, D. Meyer, T. Montagne, E. D. Murray, A. J. Nelson, M. Nicoul, R. Pahl, J. Rudati, H. Schlarb, D. P. Siddons, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, Th. Tschentscher, D. von der Linde, and J. B. Hastings, "Ultrafast Bond Softening in Bismuth: Mapping the Interatomic Potential of a Solid with X-rays," Science 315, 633 (2007).

Nelson, A. J., T. E. Felter, K. J. Wu, C. Evans, J. L. Ferreira, W. J. Siekhaus, and W. McLean, "Uranium Passivation by C+ Implantation: a Photoemission and Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry Study," Surf. Sci. 600, 1319 (2006).

Crowhurst, J. C., A. F. Goncharov, B. Sadigh, C. L. Evans, P. G. Morrall, J. L. Ferreira, and A. J. Nelson, "Synthesis and Characterization of the Nitrides of Platinum and Iridium," Science 311, 1275 (2006).

Nelson, A. J., J. Dunn, J. Hunter, and K. Widmann, "Time-Resolved X-ray Laser Induced Photoelectron Spectroscopy of Isochoric Heated Copper," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(15), 154102 (2005).

Nelson, A. J., J. Dunn, T. van Buuren, and J. Hunter. "X-ray Laser Induced Photoelectron Spectroscopy for Single-State Measurements," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(25), 6290 (2004).

Kucheyev, S. O., C. Bostedt, T. van Buuren, T. M. Willey, T. A. Land, L. J. Terminello, T. E. Felter, A. V. Hamza, S. G. Demos, and A. J. Nelson, "Electronic Structure of KD2xH2(1_x)PO4 Studied by Soft X-ray Absorption and Emission Spectroscopies," Phys. Rev. B70, 245106 (2004).

Kucheyev, S. O., T. E. Felter, W. J. Siekhaus, A. J. Nelson, and A. V. Hamza, "Hydrogen-Deuterium Exchange in KD2PO4," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(8), 1344 (2004).

Nelson, A. J., J. J. Adams, and K. I. Schaffers, "Photoemission Investigation of the Electronic Structure of Lanthanum Calcium Oxoborate," J. Appl. Phys. 94(12), 7493 (2003).

Nelson, A. J., J. Dunn, T. van Buuren, J. Hunter, R. F. Smith, O. Hemmers, and D. W. Lindle, "X-ray Laser Induced Time-of-Flight Photoelectron Spectroscopy," Presented at the SPIE 48th International Symposium on Optical Science & Technology, Soft X-Ray Lasers and Applications V, San Diego, SPIE Proceedings 5197, 168 (2003).

Nelson, A. J., T. C. Meier, C. K. Saw, and L. V. Griffith, "Surface and Bulk Chemistry of Calcined UO2 Powders," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A21(3), 762 (2003).

Nelson, A. J., J. G. Reynolds, and G. Christou, "Spin State Effects on the Outer Core-Level Multiplet Structures for High Spin Mn Molecular Clusters," J. Appl. Phys. 93(5), 2536 (2003).

Vance, A. L., T. M. Willey, T. van Buuren, A. J. Nelson, G. A. Fox, and L. J. Terminello, "XAS and XPS Characterization of a Surface-Attached Rotaxane," Nano Letters 3(1), 81 (2003).

Nelson, A. J., M. Danailov, A. Barinov, B. Kaulich, L. Gregoratti, and M. Kiskinova. Scanning photoelectron microscopy study of laser-induced surface reactions in Pt/Si(001), Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(21), 3981 (2002).

Vance, A. L., T. M. Willey, A. J. Nelson, T. van Buuren, C. Bostedt, L. J. Terminello, G. A. Fox, M. Engelhard, and D. Baer, XAS and XPS characterization of self-assembled monolayers derived from structurally related dithiols and disulfide-containing polyamides, Langmuir 18, 8123 (2002).

Nelson, A. J., T. van Buuren, C. Bostedt, K. I. Schaffers, and L. J. Terminello. Electronic Structure of Ytterbium Doped Strontium Fluoroapatite: A Photoemission and Photoabsorption Investigation, J. Appl. Phys. 91(8), 5135 (2002).

Nelson, A. J., J. G. Reynolds, R. D. Sanner, P. R. Coronado, and L. M. Hair. Pt-metal oxide aerogel catalysts: A x-ray photoemission investigation, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A19(4), 1121 (2001).

Nelson, A. J., T. van Buuren, E. Miller, T. A. Land, C. Bostedt, N. Franco, P. K. Whitman, P. A. Baisden, L. J. Terminello, and T. A. Callcott, "X-ray Absorption Analysis of KDP Optics," J. Electron Spectrosc. Related Phenomena, 114-116, 873 (2001).

Kakar, S., A. J. Nelson, R. Treusch, C. Heske, T. van Buuren, I. Jiménez, P. Pagoria, and L. J. Terminello, "Electronic Structure of the Energetic Material 1,3,5-triamino-2,4,6-trinitrobenzene," Phys. Rev. B62(23), 15666 (2000).

Nelson, A. J., J. G. Reynolds, T. F. Baumann, and G. A. Fox. "X-ray Photoemission Investigation of Binding Sites in Polymer-Bound Thiacrowns Used for Environmental Remediation of Hg in Aqueous Solutions, Appl. Surf. Sci. 167, 205 (2000).

Nelson, A. J., J. G. Reynolds, and J. W. Roos, "Core-Level Satellites and Outer Core-Level Multiplet Splitting in Mn Model Compounds, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A18(4), 1072 (2000).

Nelson, A. J., M. Danailov, L. Gregoratti, M. Marsi, and M. Kiskinova, "Scanning Photoelectron Microscopy Study of the Laser-Induced Transformations of CdTe Films," J. Appl. Phys. 87(7), 3520 (2000).

Ely, J. H., T. R. Ohno, T. E. Furtak, and A. J. Nelson, "Raman Characterization of Epitaxial CuInSe2," Thin Solid Films 371, 36 (2000).

Nelson, A. J., L. Gregoratti, E. Chagarov, D. Lonza, M. Marsi, and M. Kiskinova, "X-ray Photoemission Analysis of CS2 Ttreated Polycrystalline Cu(In,Ga)Se2," Appl. Surf. Sci. 140/1-2, 208 (1999).

Nelson, A. J., L. Gregoratti, E. Chagarov, D. Lonza, M. Marsi, and M. Kiskinova, "Spectromicroscopic Investigation of (NH4)2S Treated Polycrystalline Cu(In1-xGax)Se2," J. Electron Spectrosc. Related Phenomena 105, 51 (1999).

Colmenares, C., S. Deutsch, C. Evans, A. J. Nelson, L. J. Terminello, J. G. Reynolds, J. W. Roos, and I. L. Smith, "Analysis of Manganese Particulates from Automotive Decomposition of MMT," Appl. Surf. Sci. 151/3-4, 189 (1999).

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